Modern man is difficult to surprise car from iron and plastic. For decades, corporations show us a model of the same materials.However, there are in the automotive world and interesting exceptions – an unusual four-wheel “creation” of fabric, plywood, titanium, and even skin!
As strange as it may sound, but are in the world automotive craftsmen who consider themselves special. Such people and create special things, which then long and hard to vote on all the world. Not always the embodiment of unusual ideas is good, but unusual – that’s for sure.
BMW Gina Light Visionary
For example, the vehicle of fabric worked the whole team. And not just any team, but the concern BMW. The unique concept roadster BMW Gina Light was introduced in the summer of 2008. By pressing just one button inside the body and interior of the car can change its shape. Because instead of the metal used in the construction of a special flexible and durable fabric.She was on a special grid of small metal wires, which are set in motion by means of electro-hydraulic mechanisms. Due to the movement of the cables and the position of the tissue changes. The shape of the car body can be adapted to specific situations and set up at the request of the driver.Manufacturing production version of the car supertkani never planned. The German company even made it clear that the concept was created to show what could be the cars of the future and apply new technology.
Tissue BMW became a sensation. Perhaps in the distant future technologies Bavarians still translate into real cars.
Cars fabric – certainly not the most practical invention. Although the German specialists created supermaterial that can replace the metal frame of the body, it is obvious that the disadvantages of the car would have been more than positive. The most significant of them – security, which in the car of the tissue is difficult to count. However, the idea of using fabric for car bodies recently again raised the engineering company EDAG .
Interestingly, Stretch roadster from BMW – not the only, or even the first car of the matter. In 1950 Czech engineers have built a three-wheeled car, tent, called Velorex Oskar. The car body decide to do from Colour Options as aluminum sheets after the war were in short supply. However, the car of the canvas is not just like the people, but also sold well in over 20 years.
Find even buy Velorex Oscar possible until now. If not for the wheels, the body structure is quite reminiscent to the tent.
1929 Standard Fulham fabric saloon 9 HP
Even earlier, in the early 20th century, the British and the Germans offered to use in the exterior skin of the car, or mothers who trimmed bodyshell.The most popular leather machinery of the early 20th century – British Standard 1929 9 HP, Coupe Duesenberg SJ 1932, as well as model German company DKW, which later became part of the concern Audi. Then the light appeared and unusual braided convertible Hanomag 2/10 PS 1925, resembles a basket.
But in the 20th century experiments with leather body is not over. More specifically, the serial production of leather machinery, after the 40s is not solved, but one-off samples periodically appeared – more for fun rather than a serious means of transport. To date leather machines can be seen except after treatment in tuning studio.
Lancia Musa 5th Avenue
Last serial car with a body made of leather shown at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. Lancia The Italian company brought to the exhibition model Musa 5th Avenue. This car was created as a symbol of cooperation with the concern Chrysler, which had once produced a car of the same name with a partially -kozhanoy roof. At this time, the Italians made leather not only the roof but also the front and rear racks, and door luggage.
The car is more like connoisseurs of fashion, rather than automotive expert, because apart from the leather body is nothing more remarkable it was not.1.3-liter 95-horsepower engine and the system “start-stop” certainly no surprise. Therefore, immediately after the exhibition in Europe, the car began to go all over the fashion shows. The series machine, of course, did not go.
Make the car leather – deal with it almost every tuning studio. The only question is, what is the client. The answer may, for example, the future owner of the most expensive and fully steering wheel of the car called “Amulet”, which in the summer of 2013 was put up for sale in Russia. Top – Canadian bison leather, inside – Siberian mink and Barguzin sable. Well, of course, not without rhinestones. The announcement of the sale of the car caused a storm of debate. According to eyewitnesses, the car resembles the inside rather coat than usual salon. The platform and the engine he got from the legendary Toyota Crown. Everything else is done by the hands of private traders Russian masters of their own technologies. The price of the car space – 88 million rubles (2 million euros). It is rumored that this car was ordering a present Queen of England a Russian oligarch. But suddenly the Russians died in the UK, and not handing your show. Therefore, the car put up for sale. However, according to the creators, long derelict vehicle is not among the wealthy Russians have enough capable to buy a leather toy.
Skintight leather car today can not only in Russia. US rapper did it with his Ferrari F430. Latvian tuners and excelled at all, obtyanuv BMW 318i crocodile skin. In Ukraine, for example, there is an entire company that is able to fulfill every whim for your money. As stated on its website, to decorate the car, both inside and outside experts can precious metals and stones, rare furs and leather elephants, ostriches, ponies, whales, stingrays and sharks. Well, that person on the list yet!
Let us return to the story. As for the more dense, wooden cars, they were called in the early 20th century. Various cars from the tree to the 1950s produced the Ford and General Motors. In addition, you can remember the once popular and has become a legend, too, car from GDR called Trabant (in translation – “Sputnik”), which appeared in 1957.
Its body panels made of duroplastic – material from phenol-formaldehyde resins, and waste cotton production. Unpainted duroplastovye panel gave these machines very specific look. There were three versions of the car – a two-door sedan, station wagon and open version without the door called Trabant Tramp. In all there were more than 3 million “Trabant”.
Solution to build cars of cardboard was dictated by the complexity and cost of application steel constructions – machine had to be a minimal cost to the consumer and minimally costly in mass production. For the same reason, as we recall, it was created and dermantinovy trehkolesnik. However, unlike the latter, “Trabant” has not only become a symbol of the socialist camp, but despite his “edible”, famous throughout Europe. The machine will learn as well as in Russia – “Zaporozhets”.
It is noteworthy that the idea of making cars out of plywood and wood is still alive and has recently re- announced in Finland.
Bugatti Veyron Grand Sport L’Or Blanc
Another exotic solutions in the automotive industry is the use of porcelain.It is this fragile material chosen Bugatti company in 2011 for the design of some elements of the supercar Veyron. The famous coupe, of course, was made of porcelain only partially – the elements of the fuel tank flap, decorative caps on the wheels and the box between the seats were made of the Berlin Royal Porcelain Manufactory.
The car was named Bugatti Veyron Grand Sport L’Or Blanc (“White Gold”), and features a unique dark blue color body with white porcelain ornament.This four-wheeled masterpiece with porcelain elements was established in a single copy, and cost 1.65 million euros!
1956 GM Firebird II
But the strongest car of atypical material in 1956 Americans built. In honor of the opening of the technical center of GM’s engineers have created a model Firebird II, whose body is made of titanium and like a military missile. According to a report designers, the car could withstand temperatures up to 920 degrees Fahrenheit (493 degrees Celsius). Needless to say that the machine was expensive in production! Instead of welding and polishing metal staff research laboratory GM used an epoxy resin, which has helped to connect the parts of titanium. Under the hood of the car Space have established 225-horsepower gas turbine engine. Drive a car with the helm and a top speed of it was 160 km / h. In addition, the car has received a special navigation device, which was conceived, was to read information from the sensors installed on the road and make the car move on autopilot. This car was created as a demonstration of the possibilities of the company, but his life ended at the testing stage.
Someday humanity can be useful vehicles of titanium. However, there is nothing more than an interesting instance of a space museum.
Substandard materials quite a bit. Moreover, the use in the automotive vehicle and finishing both inside and outside can be almost anything.Another thing – the practicality of the materials used and their compatibility with the operation of the vehicle. As it turned out, in the world there is a whole galaxy of unusual machines – wire, foam, cigarette packs, plasticine, in the shape of a flying saucer, women’s shoes, and much more. Moreover, most of them well move on the roads. Special attention also deserve the car of gold, platinum and precious stones. On these extraordinary “beings” we still tell you the following resources.